Former Residence of Mao Zedong.
English Name,Former Residence of Mao Zedong
Chinese Name,毛泽东同志故居 (Máozédōng tóngzhì gùjū)
Location,Shaoshan Hunan Province
Visiting Hours,8:30 – 17:00
The former residence of Mao Zedong is located in Shaoshan, a village belonging to Xiangtan City in Hunan. Shaoshan is about 40 km from Xiangtan City and 120 kilometers from Changsha, the capital city of Hunan Province, China. The village has a total population of about 100,000 people.
Shaoshan is well-known to Chinese people as the birth place of Chairman Mao Zedong, the main founder of the Communist Party of China. Mao Zedong was born in Shaoshan on December 26, 1893, where he spent most of his childhood days.
The original residence was destroyed by the Kuomintang (KMT) government in 1929 but was rebuilt in 1950 by the People’s Government. The building which is a typical Chinese farm house (of Southern China) is made of mud brick walls and roof tiles.
The site has become a tourist destination not only for Chinese people but foreigners who wish to learn more about the childhood of Chairman Mao and pay tribute to him. Apart from the former residence, the Statue Square and Di Shui Dong are some main attractions in the area.
There are a number of items on display in the residence that leave the imprint of Chairman Mao. Some of the items are: Mao Zedong’s bedroom, bed, desk and wardrobe, books, letters, his parents’ kitchen, photos of Mao brothers and other relics.
Historical background – Former Residence of Chairman Mao Zedong
These are some historical backgrounds about the Former Residence of Mao Zedong:
- On December 26, 1893 Mao Zedong was born here, where he lived for 17 years before he left the village for studies in autumn 1910.
- In 1921 during spring, Mao went back to his hometown to educate his family and the people about joining the revolution.
- Mao Zedong led the peasant movement in 1925 and 1927 in his hometown, where he held several meetings with the various small, established Shaoshan branch. His residence served as the meeting ground where secret meetings were held to discuss training and development for the Shaoshan Communist branch to recruit more people to join the Communist Party of China.
- In May 1950, his eldest son, Mao Anying went back to Shaoshan to visit folks and inspect Mao Zedong’s former residence.
- In 1950 the Changsha prefecture and Xiangtan County planned to build a new house in Chairman Mao hometown (to replace his former residence) and to repair a road. Upon hearing the incident, Mao Zedong sent a letter to Huang Kecheng on September 20, 1950. “If true, please make them stop immediately, do not build, in order to avoid adverse effects on the people.”
- On February 6, 1951, Mao Zedong’s former residence was formally opened. The upper end of the main room door had the inscription: “The Chinese people great leader, Chairman Mao’s home.” But in early 1954, it was changed to “Comrade Mao Zedong’s former residence.”
- In 1961, the State Council of the People’s Republic of China promulgated the site as a national key cultural site protection unit. In June 27, 1983 Deng Xiaoping’s inscription, “Comrade Mao Zedong’s former residence,” was put on the entrance.
- In 1964, a new museum about 1 km away from the former residence was built. It was later named the “Shaoshan Mao Zedong Memorial Hall.” The museum displays some artifacts and photographs of Mao’s revolutionary practice, and is also responsible for the protection of the former residence.
- On December 20, 1993, Mao Zedong’s statue was unveiled at the Statue Square.
PHOTOS- Former Residence of Mao Zedong
Mao Zedong loved reading and lived with books all his life. He read not only works by Marx, Engels and Lenin and also works by Chinese and foreign philosophers as well as history books of all times. A great thinker, he often got his inspiration for solutions of practical problems from books. His spirit for learning and method of reading remain a boundless spiritual wealth for us to inherit from.
Mao Zedong loved climbing and swimming. He visited many famous mountains and rivers in China. He also had a special love for poems and calligraphy. Bold and unrestrained, his poems outshine those created in both ancient and present-day times. Powerful smooth, his calligraphic words have a unique feature of their own.
He also loved watching stage performances, traveling in the snow, enjoying the blossoming of plum trees. With a wide range of hobbies and elegant tastes, he demonstrated the character of forthrightness, sincerity and romantic temperament particular to great minds.
Mao Zetan, the second younger brother of was born on September 25, 1905. He joined the Communist Party of China in 1923. In 1935, and at the age of 29, he died a glorious death in Reijin of Jiangxi province when fighting against the enemy groups.
On December 26, 1893, Mao Zedong was born here. Mao Shunsheng, his father was hardworking, thrifty, smart and crackerjack man. He farmed when he was young then joined the army and became a soldier. When [he] came back home he began to do business of grain. When Qimei, his mother was born at Tangjiatuo in Xiangxiang, she believed in Buddhism and delighted to help others.
It was by the side of the kitchen fire that Mao Zedong had gathered the whole family together for family meetings. He encouraged them to devote themselves to the cause of liberation of the Chinese people.
Mao Zedong loved his relatives and friends, however, he never used his power to seek personal gains or interests for them. He often instructed his family members to ‘behave well among the people so as to win their trust’ and never to entertain any high hopes.’ Shown here are only some of his instructions and letters to his relatives and friends.
Extremely grateful to Zhang Shizhao for his raising funds to finance revolutionary undertakings in the early 1920s, Mao Zedong began in 1963 to remit RMB 2,000 yuan out of his contribution fees each year to Zhang in the name of repayment to help with Zhang’s living expenses. Shown here are some of the records of the remittances from his personal accounts of the living expenses.
In his letter dated 29, 1954, to the Party Branch and Government of Shicheng town, Mao Zedong asked them to treat his relatives in the town ‘in the same way as the other people instead of granting them any privileges.